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While Islam has been firmly placed on the global agenda since 9/11, and continues to occupy a prominent place in media discourse, attention has recently begun to shift towards European Muslims, or – as some would prefer to say – Muslims in Europe. Apart from the usual concerns, mostly articulated in the media, on the radicalization of Muslim youth, their failure to integrate into mainstream society and so forth, a vast body of academic literature on Islam and Muslims in Europe has sprung up since the late 1990s. This discourse and body of literature on Muslims in Europe, however, are confined to the west of the continent, viz. the old EU. This gives the impression that Europe stops at the banks of the Oder. Central and Eastern Europe – both new EU members and other countries – has been placed outside the realm of discourse, i.e. outside Europe.

This book aims to fill this gap by describing Muslim communities and their experiences in Central and Eastern Europe, both in countries with marginal Muslim populations, often not exceeding 1% (e.g. Hungary and Lithuania), and in countries  with significant Muslim minorities, sometimes proportionally even larger than in France (e.g. Bulgaria). Some of these countries have a long history of Muslim presence, dating back to the 14th century in the case of the Tatars (e.g. Poland and Ukraine) and the 16th century in the case of the first Muslim arrivals in the Balkans (e.g. Romania, Slovenia) during the Ottoman era. In other countries (e.g. Slovakia), Muslims have arrived only recently. What all these countries have in common is a Communist past inside the former Eastern bloc.



  • prof. Halina Rusek (University of Silesia)

  • prof. Jolanta Sierakowska-Dyndo (University of Warsaw)

Cover design:


Table of contents

  • List of charts, pictures and tables

  • Introduction

  • Katarzyna Górak-Sosnowska, Muslims in Europe: different communities, one discourse? Adding the Central and Eastern European perspective

Muslims in Poland

  • Marek M. Dziekan, History and culture of Polish Tatars

  • Janusz Danecki, Literature of the Polish Tatars

  • Michał Łyszczarz, Generational changes among young Polish Tatars

  • Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska, Magdalena Trojanek, Image of the world and themselves built by young Chechens living in Polish refugee centers. Intercultural conflict

  • Karolina Łukasiewicz, Strategies of reconstructing Islam in exile. A case of Chechens in Poland

  • Magdalena Nowaczek-Walczak, The world of kebab. Arabs and gastronomy in Warsaw

  • Marta Woźniak, Linguistic behavior of Arabophones in Poland

  • Gaweł Walczak, Muhammad in Warsaw, that is few words about Warsaw’s Somalis

  • Joanna Krotofil, ‘If I am to be a Muslim, I have to be a good one’. Polish migrant women embracing Islam and reconstructing identity in dialogue with self and others

  • Konrad Pędziwiatr, “The Established and Newcomers” in Islam in Poland or the intergroup relations within the Polish Muslim community

  • Agata S. Nalborczyk, Mosques in Poland. Past and present

  • Eugeniusz Sakowicz, Dialogue between the Catholic Church and Islam in Poland

Muslims in wider Central and Eastern Europe

  • Egdūnas Račius, Islam in Lithuania: revival at the expense of survival?

  • Irina Molodikova, Formation of new Muslim communities in new member states: the case of Hungary

  • Michal Cenker, From reified collectivities to multiple Islams: putting Muslim migrants in Slovakia into context

  • Oleg Yarosh, Denys Brylov, Muslim communities and Islamic network institutions in Ukraine: contesting authorities in shaping of Islamic localities

  • Daniela Stoica, New Romanian Muslimas. Converted women sharing knowledge in online and offline communities

  • Kristen Ghodsee, Islam in postsocialist Bulgaria: ethnicity, religious revival and social justice

  • Veronika Bajt, The Muslim Other in Slovenia. Intersections of a religious and ethnic minority

  • Jacek Duda, Islamic community in Serbia – the Sandžak case

  • Contributors

  • The Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Warsaw

Muslims in Poland and Eastern Europe. Widening the European Discourse on Islam, K. Górak-Sosnowska (ed.), University of Warsaw, Warsaw 2011, pp. 343.

Projekt jest współfinansowany przez Ministra Spraw Zagranicznych Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej w ramach cyklicznego programu Promocja wiedzy o Polsce.
The project is cofunded by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, within the frames of a cyclic program Promotion of Knowledge about Poland.

Uniwersytet Warszawski Wydział Orientalistyczny© 2011  
Stronę opracowała i wykonała Beata Kryśkiewicz